Peru - Touring Holidays
An escorted tour to Peru will introduce you to an astonishingly varied country considered to be one of the world’s great travel destinations. Once the cradle of the Inca Empire, it is incredibly rich in terms of culture, history and archaeology. It is also home to stunning scenery, from Andean peaks to Amazon rainforest.
Spanish Conquistadors in Lima
Founded in 1535 by Francisco Pizarro, Peru’s capital Lima became the headquarters of the Spanish Conquistadors and the commercial and administrative centre of the Spanish empire in South America. The city was devastated by an earthquake in 1746, after which it was rebuilt. Today you’ll be able to wander through wide streets and huge plazas and admire fine churches, palaces and mansions that have changed little over time.
Pan American Highway
Journey along the Pan American Highway to Paracas, where you can visit the ancient Pachacamac Temple. Considered one of the most important religious centres of the central Andes, the ruins date back to before the time of the Incas. The site contains a number of pyramids dedicated to the sun and the moon, and the adobe walls feature the remains of early frescoes.
Many of Peru’s most famous sites are shrouded in mystery, and none more so than the incredible Nazca Lines. These huge sketches were carved into the ground at the time of the Nazca Indians, who lived in the area from 200 BC to approximately 600 AD. The purpose of these lines – some are representations of animals and plants, and some are geometric shapes – remains a mystery.
The Andean condor
If wildlife is on your wish list, then be sure to head to the Colca Canyon. Its steep green walls are deeper than the Grand Canyon and a visit here might reward you with sightings of the Andean condor. South America’s most iconic bird and one of the world’s largest birds of prey makes its home here.
To see more of Peru’s wildlife, take a boat trip around the Ballestas Islands. These three rocky outcrops provide the perfect habitat for thousands of seabirds, as well as Humboldt penguins and sea lions. Keep a lookout for dolphins and whales in the surrounding waters too. One of the most untouched areas of Peru is the Amazon rainforest, where a trek through dense jungle is a must for the adventurous traveller. On this once-in-a-lifetime experience you’ll spot exotic species including jaguars, tapirs, caimans and monkeys.
Sacred Lake Titicaca
Located at an altitude of more than 3,800 metres above sea level, Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable body of water in the world. This was a sacred place for the Incas, and legend has it that this was the birthplace of this ancient civilisation. The Uros people have been living here for centuries, on floating islands constructed out of the totora reeds which sprout from the waters. They continue this traditional way of life today, which is fascinating to witness.
Remarkable Machu Picchu
Peru’s most famous highlight, without a doubt, is Machu Picchu – a remarkable sight that the conquering Spaniards never found. This ‘lost city’, which is located on a high ridge, was rediscovered in 1911 after laying hidden for centuries. The journey alone, by narrow gauge railway to this Inca city nestled between two forest-clad Andean peaks, is incredible. And as you explore its palaces, plazas and temples, you’ll see evidence of the Inca Empire at the peak of its power.
Every Travelsphere holiday offers exceptional value for money. Included in the price are return scheduled flights/rail travel and internal flights, where applicable, overseas transfers and transportation, carefully chosen hotels, many meals and excursions and the services of a Travelsphere Tour Manager or Local Guide.
Articles about Peru
5 reasons why travelling to Peru is a lifetime experience
Peru is located in the east coast of the South American continent, next to the Pacific Ocean. It is a unique, multicultural and colorful destination, a country full of contrasts that come to light after learning its diverse culture, history, geography, biodiversity and gastronomy, from the coastal lands of the capital and the dunes of Ica, crossing the Andes Mountain Range up to the Peruvian Amazon.
Enigmas of the archaeological world
From ‘lost cities’ to pyramids dedicated to the sun, Peru boasts many famous sites that are shrouded in mystery. Among the most puzzling, the Nazca Lines are one of the enigmas of the archaeological world, and the reason they were created has been hotly debated for decades.